Friday, January 31, 2014

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation 

1. CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)
2. ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right) 
3. ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left) 
4. ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
5. ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu) 
6. CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen) 
7. ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
8. CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.) 
9. CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place asnapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboardand provide the same functionality aspressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

Microsoft Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

Microsoft Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts 

1. CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
2. CTRL+E (Open the Search bar) 
3. CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)
4. CTRL+H (Open the History bar) 
5. CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar) 
6. CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box) 
7. CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address) 
8. CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box,the same as CTRL+L)
9. CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box) 
10. CTRL+R (Update the current Web page) 11. CTRL+W (Close the current window)

MMC Console keyboard shortcuts

 MMC Console keyboard shortcuts 

1. SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item) 
2. F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item) 
3. F5 key (Update the content of all console windows) 
4. CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)
5. CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)
 6. ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for theselected item) 
7. F2 key (Rename the selected item) 
8. CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts 

1. Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu) 
2. Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
3. Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop) 
4. Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows) 
5. Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restorethe minimized windows) 
6. Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer) 7. Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder) 8. CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
 9. Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help) 
10. Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard) 
11. Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box) 
12. Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager) 
13. Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts 14. Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off) 
15. Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off) 
16. Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
17. SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off) 
18. NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off) 
19. Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager) 20. Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts 21. END (Display the bottom of the active window) 
22. HOME (Display the top of the active window) 
23. NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder) 
24. NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)

Dialog Box - Keyboard Shortcuts

 Dialog Box - Keyboard Shortcuts 
1. CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs) 
2. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs) 
3. TAB (Move forward through the options) 
4. SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
5. ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
6. ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
7. SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
8. Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons) 
9. F1 key (Display Help) 
10. F4 key (Display the items in the active list) 
11. BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)

Keyboard Shortcuts (Microsoft Windows)

Keyboard Shortcuts must read & Share Keyboard Shortcuts

 (Microsoft Windows)

1. CTRL+C (Copy)
2. CTRL+X (Cut) ... 
3. CTRL+V (Paste) 
4. CTRL+Z (Undo) 
5. DELETE (Delete) 
6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin) 
7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item) 
9. F2 key (Rename the selected item) 
10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word) 
11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph) 
13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph) 
14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text) SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document) 
15. CTRL+A (Select all) 
16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder) 
17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item) 
18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program) 
19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object) 20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window) 
21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents opensimultaneously)
22. ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items) 
23. ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened) 
24. F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop) 
25. F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer) 
26. SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
27. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window) 
28. CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu) 
29. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command) 
30. F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program) 
31. RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu) 
32. LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
33. F5 key (Update the active window) 
34. BACKSPACE (View the folder onelevel up in My Computer or Windows Explorer) 35. ESC (Cancel the current task) 
36. SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROMinto the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)

How to install CentOS 6 for Servers & Desktops

Step by step guide to on how to install CentOS 6

Linux (in this case 64 bit) from scratch on a new machine, the install type is minimal which is PERFECT for servers, no GUI will be installed and the installation will be as lean as possible. This is how I install all my Linux servers, this guide can also be used to install CentOS on desktop or laptops, you simply select a different option at step 18.

How to install CentOS 6 for Servers & Desktops

  •     Set your computers BIOS to boot form CD / DVD
  •     Insert the CentOS 6 CD or DVD
  •     When presented with the following screen press enter on Install or upgrade an existing system.
  •     You will now be presented with a CD Check, I always skip this step… I
  •     live life on the edge when it comes to media checking on Linux
  •     installs. However you might want to check the media.
  •     You will now see some black and white text on your screen as your
  •     computer loads the X11 environment for the CentOS install, after 30
  •     seconds or so you will be presented with the CentOS GUI installer, click
  •     next.
  •     Select your Language, I am British (please no jokes about drinking tea on Twitter…) so I would select English (English).
  •     Select your keyboard type
  •     Storage type, as I am installing on my local hard drive I selected
  •     “Basic storage type” if you are using iSCSI or similar technology now
  •     would be the time to set it up.
  •     As this is a clean install and the drive has never been formatted
  •     before I got the following Initialize drive warning, you might get the
  •     same if your drive (or virtual hard disk) is brand new.
  •     Set the hostname for your Server
  •     Set your timezone / location
  •     Set your root password, something sensible please… Don’t set weak
  •     dictionary passwords or  you will get hacked by a 13yr old russian super
  •     hackz0r… You might want to check out my guide on how to secure SSH.
  •     You will now be set with a bunch of options for your disk
  •     partitioning, as this is a new fresh install I selected the top option
  •     “Use All Space” chose the relevant option for your setup and tick the
  •     review and modify partition layout.
  •     You will now see your partition table laid out, now is the time to
  •     modify it if required. If this is a server I would suggest you create
  •     some different partitions for /home and /var. These are the two
  •     partitions that crash Linux servers, /home because users fill their home
  •     drives and causes the system to crash and /var because the log or ftp
  •     directories fill up and crash the server.
  •     Format warning, click on Format (this will delete your data.
  •     You will now see a warning about writing the changes to disk, click on Write changes to disk.
  •     Boot loader options, I left this as default you might want to set a boot loader password.
  •     The next part is important, for servers I ALWAYS select minimal,
  •     this installs a minimal setup which is ideal for servers, if you are
  •     installing for a desktop you might want to chose one of the other
  •     options. I would avoid the chose everything option as this will create a
  •     bloated system that will be more susceptible to hackers.
  •     CentOS 6 will install
  •     CentOS 6 has installed, congrats
  •     Reboot and login as root
  •     Update the system using “yum update”


That’s it your done! Go forth and setup your server for what ever services you require, Asterisk, LAMP etc.

Clear type tool in Windows 7

Clear type tool in Windows 7

ClearType is a tool that improves the readability of the text on your LCD screen. So if you feel the text isn't displaying sharply, use ClearType. The tool will take you through a series of screens, much like an eye exam, to help you achieve the sharpest text possible.

Power Efficiency Report in os

Have a laptop and want to get more battery life out of it? Windows 7 includes a hidden built-in tool that will examine your laptop's energy use and make recommendations on how to improve it. To use it:

1. Run a command prompt as an administrator. To do this, type cmd in the search box, and when the cmd icon appears, right-click it and choose "Run as administrator."

2. At the command line, type in the following:
powercfg -energy -output \Folder\Energy_Report.html
where \Folder represents the folder where you want the report to be placed.

3. For about a minute, Windows 7 will examine the behavior of your laptop. It will then analyze it and create a report in HTML format in the folder you specified. Double-click the file, and you'll get a report -- follow its recommendations for ways to improve power performance.

Maintenance tasks that improve performance for Windows 7 / Vista / XP/ 2000

  •   Disk Clean Up

  •   Disk Defragmenter (Defrag)

  •  Windows Updates

  •   Backing Up Your Data Files

  •  Remove unused programs.

Wednesday, January 29, 2014


1st: Go to RUN and type "CMD"
2nd: type "TELNET" and enter
3rd: type "O" and type 
and enter
for windows XP


1.Click on Start.
2.Click on Run. Type in "cmd" without quotes.
3.In the Command Prompt Window that opens, type the name of the drive you wish to create your folder in the format <drive-name>: and press Enter. e.g. If you wish to create the undeletable folder in D drive, type "D:" without the quotes. Note that the folder cannot be created in the root of C:/ drive (if C: is your system drive).
4.Type this command- "md con\" or "md lpt1\" without the quotes and press Enter. You can choose any of the keywords given above as the name of your folder.